Pulau Langkawi (Langkawi Island)
Pulau Langkawi (Langkawi Island)
|Click to enlarge|
posterity. As a natural paradise, the islanda are perhaps unmatched anywhere else in Southeast Asia. With a geological history dating back 500 milion odd years, the islands contain unique rock information that stir the imagination and baffle the mind. Numerous caves, with their stunning stalacties and stalagmites, taunt the adventurous to unravel their ancient secrets. Fine beaches offer sun-filled days of complete relaxation. The clear emerald waters around the islands provide numerous oppurtunities for a host of water sports and recreational activities. The enchanting marine life beneath the waters of Langkawi’s islands also beckon diving enthusiasts.
Its pure white beaches are believed to have originated from the seepage of white blood that flowed from the body of a beautiful princess named Mahsuri. Mahsuri was sentenced to death for having, allegedly, committed adultery but none of the soldiers could kill her with their weapons until she was stabbed with her own ‘knife’. The blood that flowed, which was supposedly white-depicting her innocence, seeped into the ground. Upon dying she threw a curse on the island that it would not proper for seven generations. On the spot where she died, a tomb called Makam Mahsuri was erected where people come from all walks of life to live the legend.
Attractions in Langkawi
Padang Mat Sirat
|Burn rice at Padang Mat Sirat|
Air Hangat Village
|Air hangat Village|
Open hours: 9 am- 6 pm (daily)
Entrance fee: RM4.00 (adult), RM2.00 (child).
Tasik Dayang Bunting (Lake of the Pregnant Maiden)
|Tasik Dayang Bunting|
Telaga Tujuh (Seven Wells)
Taman Buaya Langkawi (Langkawi Crocodile Farm)Located at Teluk Datai, about 30 km from Kuah Town of Langkawi. The farm covers 20 acres that houses more than 1000 crocodiles. Here, one can witness and photograph crocodiles and alligators playing and photograph crocodiles and alligators playing and feeding in a controlled environment that closely resembles their natural habitat. Registered with The Convention on International Trade and Endangered Species (CITIES), the farm has many attractions for the tourist. Amongst them are:
Breeding Pond. Crocodiles mate and nest here.
Show Pond. Watchman and crocodile ‘wrestle’ with each other.
Bridge-Over-Pond. Enables you to get a closer look at crocodiles.
At the exhibition centre you would also be able to watch an audio-visual presentation on the life cycle of crocodiles. There are also specimens and photographs of crocodile eggs, crocodile skeletons, etc. on display. The farm is equipped with a fast food shop, toilets and a car park.
Open hours: 9am-5pm (daily)
Entrance fee: Adult : RM5.00
Child : RM3.00
It is located 14 km from Kuah Town. The village provides an insight into the cultural activities of the people. You would be able to see handicrafts being done and pick a souvenier to take home.
Open hours : 8.30 am- 6 pm (daily)
Entrance fee: RM1.00 per person
(You can enter free of charge if you have the receipt of entering Mahsuri’s Tomb)
Underwater World Langkawi
|Under water view|
Langkawi Book Village
|Langkawi Book Village|
Taman Legenda (Legend Park)
Dataran Lang (Eagle Square)
Laman Padi Langkawi
Craft Cultural Complex
|Handicraft at complex|
|House of crystal|
Langkawi Yacht Club
|Langkawi Yacht Club|
Like to try out your skills or swing the night way? Dallas Karaoke, Jalan Penarak Kuah, Karaoke 99, Jalan Padang Mat Sirat, Top Ten Karaoke 99, Jalan Padang Mat Sirat offer a cosy places where you can belt out your favourite number. Discotheque at D-Five, Delima Resort, Lagenda Disco, Langkawi Island Resort, Sunset Disco. Langkawi Holiday Villa Resort are many of the discos you may like to head for after dusk.
|Duty free shops|
Recreations such cycling, jungle trekking offered either by hotels organised group or commercial operators along the beaches.
With its fable and historical past, Langkawi is a treasure trove for visitors.
Among the significant sites on the island that have been preserved for posterity is Makam Mahsuri (Mahsuri’s Mausoleum) about 12 km from Kuah. This shrine was erected in honour of Mahsuri, a fair maiden who was unjustly accused of adultery. According to legend, she bled white blood at her execution as a sign of her innocence. In her dying breath, she laid a curse on the island that it would remain barren for seven generations have since passed and today, Langkawi is a flourishing tourist destination.
Open: 7.30 am- 6 pm (daily)
Admission: RM 2.00 (adult), RM1.00 (child)
Geeting around in Langkawi is easy and convenient. Whether you are travelling from the airport to Kuah, the biggest town on Langkawi or moving about in town itself, you should have no problem catching a cab or hoping on a bus. Besides, there are local and international car hire companies that provide self-drive service. The bus and taxi terminal are located near Kuah Jetty and you can either take a 5-minute taxi drive or a 20-minute walk to get to town.
Visitors who have stayed in Pulau Langkawi for a minimum of 72 hours are entitled to purchase duty free items. Visitors need to produce their pasport or other travel document. Among the duty free goods offered are cameras, liquor, cosmetics, footwear and sports goods.
Pulau Singa Besar
|Pulau Singa Besar Beach|
|Eagle feeding |
There are two-jungle track, one takes 3-4 hours and other 8 hours. Both are tough but enjoyed.
An alternative to jungle trekking is to go around the island in a boat and stop at the Fisheries Centre, which is located on a beautiful beach on the nort-eastern side.
For birdwatchers, the tree house after the hanging bridge is ideal especially early in the morning and late in the evening. Look out for a fruit or berry-bearing tree and wait some distance from it. Many types of birds will come to feed.
For snorkelers, the waters on Long Beach, Pulau Singa Beach and Ketapang Beach have fair to good coral flora and fauna. The southern parts, off the rocky areas have better corals in slightly deeper water.
For fishing, select areas on the fringers of corals or artifical reefs. Fishing can also be done from the jetty at high tide.
Whilst every effort has been made to enable visitors to enjoys this gift of nature, the Fisheries Act of 1985 prohibits the following:
-Anchoring of boats over coral areas
-Speed boat racing
-Carrying and using weapons that endanger aquatic life
-Lighting fires on the beach.
|Snorkling at Payar Island|
Johor islands is located a few nautical miles off the Mersing Coast, like a handful of jewels flog into the South China Sea.
Pulau Tioman (Tioman Island)
Pulau Rawa (Rawa Island)
Pulau Besar (Besar Island)
|Besar Island sea view|
Pulau Sibu (Sibu Island)
|Sibu Island beach|
Pulau sibu Tengah (Sibu Tengah Island)
|Sibu Tengah Island|
Pulau Tinggi (Tinggi Island)
|Tinggi Island jetty|
Pulau Pemanggil (Pemanggil Island)
|Pemanggil Island beautiful view|
Pulau Aur (Aur Island)
|Aur Island jetty|
Pulau Hujung and Pulau Tengah have no accommodation available. In addition to the aforementioned usland, there are 50 other uninhabited islets waiting to be explored. Month of May and October usually suitable when underwater visibility is at its best.
Melaka/ Malacca State
Pulau Besar (Besar Island)
|Besar Island Melaka|
|Pangkor Island Beach Resort|
Pantai Puteri Dewi (Golden Sands)
Kota Belanda (Dutch Fort)
|Pangkor Laut Resort|
Labuan (Wilayah Persekutuan State)
Labuan Island and its outlying islands of Papan, Kuraman, Daat, Rusukan Besar, Rusukan Kecil and Pulau Burung (Bird Island) offer clean beaches and you can enjoy a variety of watersports like jet skiing, wind surfing, scuba diving, fishing or wreck diving. Commercialism has not enroached into Labuan’s beaches and you can find lots of privacy there.
|Labuan Wreck Diving|
|Labuan Fishing Game|
|Tioman Island Resort|
Persona Island Resort (Tel: 609-4191213/ Fax: 609-4191213)
Berjaya Tioman Beach Resort (Tel: 609-4191000/ Fax: 609-4191718)
Nazri Place (Tel: 609-4191329)
Salang Indah (Tel: 609-4195015/ Fax: 609-4195024)
Turtle Island Park
The turtles really take their time laying their eggs. The whole ritual of emerging from the sea, then choosing a suitable site and clearing the area before laying its eggs (about 40 to 90 eggs per batch); concealing the eggs with sand and finally taking their leave takes one whole hour! So be prepared for a longwait if you wish to observe the nesting.
|Turtle egg hatcheries|
How to get there
There are boat services from Sandakan Harbour to the islands. The journey may take
anything between 45 minutes to 3 hours depending on your destination and the boat’s speed.
Pulau Selingan (Selingan Island)
Almost 8 hectares in size is the second largest island in the group. The turtles come ashore on the east and southwestern parts of the island to lay their eggs before returning to the sea. They normally come ashore after 7.30 pm but have also been seen nesting in the early hours of the morning between 5 to 6 am.
Accommodation is available on the island for those who wish to stay overnight to witness the nesting. A restaurant is also available for visitors to enjoy hot meals.
Chalets – 3 units (fully furnished) for 20 persons per night.
Pulau Bakungan Kecil (Bakungan Kecil Island)
|Bakungan Island jetty|
This is the largest island and it lies close to the Philipines border. Active mud volcanoes are also present here. These are not true volcanoes but originate as mineral-rich mud, expelled from deep below the surface. The favourite nesting places of the green turtles are the beaches on the northern and western shores of the island. There are no accommodation facilities on Pulau Bakungan Kecil.
Pulau Gulisan (Gulisan Island)
Guidelines for visitors
The park was created to protect the natural environment especially the sea turtles, the coral reefs and other marine life. There are therefore stringent rules which visitors are advised to observe.
Visitors are forbidden from engaging in any of the following:
Wander along the beach after dark (the Park Ranger will inform them when there is a turtle laying eggs. Build campfires, shine bright torches on the beach, sing, dance or play music on the beach at night. Disturb the turtle during the nesting process by coming too close or crowding around her. Instead, visitors are advised to watch the nesting from a distance. Under ant circumstances, ride on the turtle, pull her flippers, turn her over, jump on her or injure her physically. Such acts of abuse may have adverse effects on future nesting returns.
Night photography is strictly forbidden on Pulau Selingan but allowed on the other two islands with permission from the Park Rangers. Collecting any plant, animal or other living or non-living things is strictly forbidden without prior written permission from the Director of Sabah Parks. Fishing, however, is permitted with hook and line only.
Pulau Sipadan (Sipadan Island)
Pulau layang-Layang (Layang-Layang Island)
Pulau Tiga Park (Three Park Islands)
|Three Park Island|
Flora and fauna
|Three Park Island nature|
The many varieties of birds include the fish eating frigate birds that roost on Pulau Kalampunian Damit and the unusual looking megapode. Hornbills, night jars, magpies, bulbuls, the brilliantly coloured and fast moving sunbirds and black-naped bridled terns also inhabit the islands. Long-tailed macaques are easily discernible between the foliage while bats sleep hanging ‘upside-down’ from the trees waiting for evening before embarking on their nocturnal food hunting expeditions. Reptiles include the grey-tailed racer snake, the beautiful yellow-ringed cat snake found on Pulau Tiga and a large population of sea snake on Pulau Kalampunian Besar earning it the name, ‘Snake Island’. There are also numerous water monitor lizards preying on the megapode eggs. The ‘homeless’ hermit crab can also be seen moving into shells abandoned by the sea snails or other mollusc like a fugitive avoiding detection!
A 7-km coral reef around the islands is home to some 35 general species and 98 species of hard corals and their accompanying ‘guests’-the brightly coloured fish and other marine life to whom the reef is home.
Planning an itinerary
The island is a sanctuary for the megapode Megapode freycinet, a curious chicken-like creature that produces a cat-like meow sound. Trails winding through the undisturbed forest are worthwhile exploring if you wish to glean something of its flora and fauna. With a rest house and hostel facilities catering to a maximum of 20 persons at any one time, the island is ideal for overnight stays.
Rest house- 2 bedroom (for a total of 4 person)
Hostel- 4 bedroom (for a total of 16 person)
Camping- maximum campers is 60 person at one time)
Pulau Kalampunian Damit
|Kalampunian Damit Island jetty|
large numbers. These black-ringed snakes prey on eels and can usually be seen coiling in cosy clusters amongst the rocks where they lay their eggs.
Tuanku Abdul Rahman Park
|Tuanku Abdul Rahman Island Park|
Flora and fauna
The plant life feature a mix of typical shoreline vegetation such as Pandanus Dubius and Podocarpus Polystachyus with those of the dipterocarp forests. Representative of the latter group are the Keruing with their narrow crowns of large dark green leaves and unique ridged two-winged fruits. The Seraya, Kapur and Selagan Batu are also to be found in abundance. The only undisturbed coastal dipterocarp forests are on Pulau Gaya, where the Hopea Philipineansis and Quassia Borneensis are abundant. The fish Tail and Nibong Palam flourish in the shady gulleys. The park is home to the bearded pig, scaly pangolin, rats, squirrels and monkeys. Snakes and monitor lizards make up the reptile population. Large birds such as the white-breasted sea eagle, pied hornbill and green heron are found in large number. Smaller varieties such as the sandpiper, the pink-necked green pigeon, bulbul, flycatcher, sunbird and swift lets also flourish within the tranquil park environment. One of the most Megapode or Burung Tambun, a "chicken look-alike", with large feet and which meows like a cat! It lays its eggs in huge mounds of sand and leaves at the edge of the beach. The fermentation of the leaves produces the heat necessary to incubate the eggs for successful hatching.
|Tuanku Abdul Rahman luxurious underwater living|
The best coral reefs are those between Pulau Sapi and Pulau Gaya. The colourful and delicately beautiful corals are living organisms, which feed on the plankton floating in the sea. The reefs is home to many different kinds of fish, in all shapes and colours of the rainbow the butterfly fish, parrot fish, clown fish in stripes of bright yellow and white, and dragon fish, and those of the bigger variety such as the red grouper, barracuda and catfish. Other marine life includes molluscs, giant clams, sea cucumbers, the beautiful feather starfish, and sea urchins in brilliant hues, cowrie’s shells and scorpion shells.
Reservations for accommodation:
Sabah Parks, Lot 3, Block K, Sinsuran Complex,
P.O Box 10626, 88806 Kota Kinabalu0,
Tel: (6088) 212719 / 211881
Fax: (6088) 211585 / 221001
Facilities such as changing rooms and toilets; picnic shelters and tables are provided for day-trippers. There are no accommodation facilities but overnight camping on the island is allowed with prior permission from the Park Warden.
|Gaya Island Resort|
How to get there
Daily boat services are available from the Kota Kinabalu jetty to transport visitors to the park and back.
Departure times ( from Kota Kinabalu) 9 am/ 10 am/ 11 am
Pick up times from the Park 1.30 pm/ 2.30 pm/ 3.30 pm
General guidelines for visitors
The park was created for the protection of the natural environment, including the coral reefs, marine life and the flora and fauna. Certain guidelines have therefore been created to ensure the conservation of these natural treasures and visitors are advised to observe the regulations, which are prominently displayed on all the islands. Visitors are strictly prohibited to engage in any of the following activities:
Hunt or carry firearms, poison, spear guns and dangerous weapons within the park.
Harm or disturb any plant, animal or other living things.
Pick, cut or collect plants, insects, coral, shells and any other materials, dead or alive.
Write names on rocks, trees or shelters.
Bring pets into the park.
Collecting of any plant, animal or other living or non-living things is strictly forbidden without prior written permission from the Director of Sabah Parks.
Fishing, however, is permitted with hook and line only.